SINGAPORE

OVERVIEW


Autism Partnership provides a wide range of services for children and their families as well training for professionals who are involved in the treatment and education of children with autism. For children who live in the local area we provide ABA intervention, both 1-on-1 and group. This treatment can occur in our clinic, at home, in school and in various community locations. At the beginning of treatment one-to-one teaching is used to rapidly develop skills. Groups are provided for the purpose of further developing social skills, generalizing skills developed in 1-to-1 instruction, learning how to learn in group settings, and further developing the maintenance of appropriate behavior in a variety of settings. We provide training for parents on how to manage disruptive and detrimental behavior and how to maximize the child’s learning while at home and outside of formal therapy time. For children who are in crisis we have developed intensive short term in-home intervention which is aimed at Restoring Everyone’s Sanity Quickly (RESQ). Children who are not progressing as well as expected or who have especially complex learning and behavioral needs can participate in one- to two-week clinic-based jumpstart sessions with world-class behavioral therapists. Ongoing consultations services are available to assist parents who are conduction their own home- or school-based ABA program anywhere in the world. Comprehensive training and consultation is available for developing ABA classrooms, and district-wide training for Special Education staff.

Science Based Treatment

Every year there is a new treatment which is declared to be highly effective in treating individuals with ASD. So how does one decide which treatment to select? We are firm believers in the scientific method. It is important to separate those procedures that merely sound good, make sense, or feel right from those that actually produce positive change. This really is no different from what we would expect or want when it comes to medical treatment. If one had a life-threatening medical illness, one would not take a drug merely based on the claims of the manufacturer. The patient would look for medications that have gone through scientifically rigorous examination and have proven to be effective. That way the patient would also know the risks associated with taking them. The same should be true for any psychological treatment, including treatment for autism.

Unfortunately, many treatment approaches claim to be effective but lack rigorous scientific testing to support the claim. Some treatments originally produced a lot of excitement based on anecdotal evidence, but have later been shown not to have any effect in treating autism, for example, secretin. Other treatments have been later shown to be actually harmful when used over a long period of time, for example, fenfluramine. Therefore, it is essential that parents be well-informed and objective when deciding on a treatment for their child.

Parents should critically evaluate the evidence for effectiveness of a treatment approach and look for carefully conducted scientific research and beware of pseudoscience. What the research consistently shows is that one approach meets this scientific standard and more than three decades of research has shown to be highly effective: Intensive Behavioral Treatment based on Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). There is no other treatment has shown to be more effective or has the same amount of scientific evidence to support it. For more information we invite you to explore research findings on behavioral treatment of autism.